Tuesday, 21 June 2016

Sentences of Platial words in English language

(Platial words such as on, at, into, in, of, to, by, with, besides, beside, between, among, over)
  1. The book is on the box.
  2. The computer is on the table.
  3. The clerk is at the table.
  4. There is a green paint on the door.
  5. Father is standing at the door.
  6. Don’t put it on the floor.
  7. I shall meet you at home.
  8. Shyamla is going into the room.
  9. Now, shyam and shyamla are in the room.
  10. There is some water in the glass.
  11. I pour some more water into the glass.
  12. The child fell into the river.
  13. We sit on the bench, but father sits in the arm-chair.
  14. Why don’t you sit at the table?
  15. Why didn’t you place the book on the table?
  16. The pen is in the drawer.
  17. He went into his house.
  18. The letter was sent by courier.
  19. Please translate from Gujarati into English.
  20. We divided the cake into four parts.
  21. He lives in Bharuch, but his brother lives at Surat.
  22. We live at Ahmedabad in India.
  23. Himachal Pradesh is in North India.
  24. The Himalayas are to the north India.
  25. I filled the bottle with milk.
  26. The tiger was killed by the hunter.
  27. The tiger was killed with a gun.
  28. She wrote the letter with a pen.
  29. He stood beside his brother.
  30. I play football besides hockey.
  31. Divide the sweets between Manish and Maruti.
  32. Shimla is situated amongst the hills.
  33. He is a man with grey hair.
  34. He is a man of principles.
  35. There is a bridge over the Tapi River.
  36. Throw the ball over the wall.
  37. The airplane flew over the sea to France.
  38. Birds are flying over the bridge.
  39. Boats are under the bridge.
  40. Amitabh is standing between Ras and Vikas.
  41. The child fell through the roof.
  42. The map was hung on the wall.
  43. Give the newspaper to me.
  44. Get a newspaper for me. 
 ----: Remember :----

  • at, on, in, with, by आदि prepositions का प्रयोग प्रायः स्थान वाची (platial) और काल वाची (temporal) शब्दों के रूप में होता है । ऊपर आपने स्थान वाची अर्थ में इनके प्रयोग देखें हैं ।
  • on और at दोनों का अर्थ पर है तथा by और with का अर्थ साथ है । पर इन शब्दों के अर्थ में बड़ा अन्तर है । ‘on the table’ का अर्थ है मेज के ऊपर और ‘at the table’ का अर्थ है मेज पर by का अर्थ के द्वारा ( से ) तथा with का अर्थ के साथ ( से ) है ।
  • between दो व्यक्तियों या वस्तुओं के लिए आता है । among दो से अधिक व्यक्तियों के साथ प्रयोग में आता है ।
  • Kamla is going in her room. (X)
  • Kamla is going into her room.
  • ऊपर के दो वाक्यों में दूसरा वाक्य ठीक है । यहां अर्थ है बाहर से कमरे के अंदर जाना न कि अंदर चलना – फिरना, इसलिए into प्रयोग किया गया है । in का प्रयोग वहाँ होता है, जहाँ यह अर्थ निकले कि वह कमरे के अंदर ही कोई काम कर रही है । उदाहरण के लिए नीचे दिये वाक्य पढ़िए:
  • कमला अपने कमरे के अंदर है ।
  • Kamla is in her room.
  • कमला अपने कमरे के अंदर सो रही है ।
  • Kamla is sleeping in her room.

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