Tuesday, 7 July 2015

Simple Past Tense

Past Tense:

 Past Tense
Simple Past Tense
Past Continuous Tense
Past Perfect Tense

Simple Past Tense: The simple past tense is used to denote an action which was completed in the past.

Simple Past = use of V2
Simple Past Tense
Singular
Plural
First Person
I ate
We ate
Second Person
You ate
You ate
Third Person
He ate
They ate
She ate
It ate

Rules: 
  • With most verbs, the simple past is created simply by adding “ed “.
Example: 
  1. Play – Played
  2. Look – Looked
  • If a regular verb ends with “ e “ add only “ d “ for both the past tense and past participle.
Example:
  1. Like – Liked
  2. Live – Lived
  • For short, one-syllable verbs that end with consonant + vowel + consonant (CVC), we must double the last consonant and then add “ed “.
Example:
  1. Stop – Stopped
  2. Rub – Rubbed
  • When a verb ends with “ y “ and there is a consonant before it, the “ y “ changes into “ i “ then the letter “ ed “ is added.
Example:
  1. Cry – Cried
  2. Study – Studied
  • When a verb ends with “y “, and there is a vowel before it, we simply add the letter “ed “ to the verb.
Example:
  1. Play – Played
Formula:

Positive: Subject + V2 + object
Negative: Subject + did + not + V1 + object
Interrogative: Did + subject + V1 + object
Nag. Int.: Did + not + subject + V1 + object

Key words:
 
Last night, yesterday, day before yesterday, Last time, Last year, Last month, Last week.

Example:
  1. I ate mango.
  2. He come to India.
Example:

पूजाने अपने पुराने दोस्तों को याद किया ।
Positive: Pooja remembered her old friends.
Negative: Pooja didn’t remember her old friends.
Interrogative: Did Pooja remember her old friends?
Neg. Int.: Didn’t Pooja remember her old friend?

भास्करने पिछले हफ्ते अपनी दूकान का उद्घाटन किया ।
Positive: Bhaskar inaugurated his shop last week.
Negative: Bhaskar didn’t inaugurate his shop last week.
Interrogative: Did Bhaskar inaugurate his shop last week?
Neg. Int.: Didn’t Bhaskar inaugurate his shop last week?

पिछले महीने भारत मेच जीत गया था ।
Positive: India won the match last month.
Negative: India didn’t win the match last month.
Interrogative: Did India win the match last month?
Neg. Int.: Didn’t India win the match last month?

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