Sunday, 5 July 2015

Present Continuous Tense

Present Tense:

 Present Tense
Simple Present Tense
Present Continuous Tense
Present Perfect Tense

Present Continuous Tense: The present continuous tense is used for an action going on at the time of speaking.

Present continuous = use of (am / is / are) + V1 + ing
Present Continuous Tense
Singular
Plural
First Person
I am eating mango
We are eating mango
Second Person
You are eating mango
You are eating mango
Third Person
He is eating mango
They are eating mango
She is eating mango
It is eating mango

Rules: 
  • When the verb ends with a silent “e “, drop the “e “and add “ing “.
Example: 
Close – Closing, Graze - Grazing
  • For short, one-syllable verbs that end with consonant + vowel + consonant (CVC), we must double the last consonant and then add “ing “.
Example: 
Swim – Swimming, Cut – Cutting
  • When words have two or more syllables ending in CVC, you must double the last consonant if the last syllable is stressed. When the last syllable is not stressed, just add “ing “.
 Example: 
Open – Opening, Gather - Gathering

Formula: 

Positive: Subject + am / is / are + V1 + ing + object
Negative: Subject + am / is / are + not + V1 + ing + object
Interrogative: Am / is / are + subject + V1 + ing + object
Nag. Int.: Am / is / are + not + subject + V1 + ing + object

Examples: 
  1. Rahul is singing.
  2. Kumar is cooking in the kitchen.
Example:

मैं पेन ढूँढ रही हूँ ।
Positive: I am searching a pen.
Negative: I amn’t searching a pen.
Interrogative: Am I searching a pen?
Neg. Int.: Amn’t I searching a pen?

मेरे पापा अखबार पढ़ रहे है ।
Positive: My father is reading a newspaper.
Negative: My father isn’t reading a newspaper.
Interrogative: Is My father reading a newspaper?
Neg. Int.: Isn’t My father reading a newspaper?

मेरी मम्मी खाना बना रही है ।
Positive: My Mother is cooking food.
Negative: My Mother isn’t cooking food.
Interrogative: Is My Mother cooking food?
Neg. Int.: Isn’t My Mother cooking food?

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